Transporting oversized cargoes necessitates the use of specialized equipment and knowledge. For many organizations, it makes more sense to outsource the operation to a truck freight firm with the necessary equipment and personnel rather than renting equipment and handling the transportation themselves. Truck freight firms that specialize in big cargoes frequently provide very competitive rates.
What Is Oversize Load Shipping and How Does It Work?
An oversized load is the one that exceeds the design specifications for a transport vehicle or the road on which it will be traveling. Prefabricated buildings, heavy construction equipment such as cranes and backhoes, and large-scale construction materials such as bridge beams or windmill propellers are all examples of oversize loads. An oversize load is defined by more than just its weight. Oversize loads can also be defined by their width, height, and length. In terms of what defines large loads and how they must be transported, regulations vary per district. To carry big loads in most countries, a specific permit is necessary.
Do’s and Don’ts for transporting oversize loads
First and foremost, you must determine whether or not your goods violate any laws or regulations. Several freight forwarders have their own set of rules when it comes to overload shipment limitations.
When moving big loads, some statutory requirements must be followed.
- Do check the measurements to see if they are correct for the type of shipment and the amount of storage space available.
- Do have a solid plan in place for loading and unloading your freight.
Your shipment must be put safely onto the trailer before it can embark on its journey.
Depending on the load, a crane or a forklift may be required and unloading at the delivery place.
3. Do make sure that when moving an oversize weight, make sure you follow all safety requirements.
4. Do make sure you know your shipment’s exact dimensions and weight.
In heavy haul transportation, accurately measuring your package’s length, width, height, and weight is critical.
A few inches or pounds of difference may cause a change in route and price, and if the dimensions or weight are modified later, the carrier will need to re-apply for another permit, resulting in additional fees and delivery delays.
5 . Do make sure you have the proper permit: The Department of Transportation deems a load to be oversized if it is wider than eight feet, five inches. There are also state-specific weight and height restrictions. To transport loads that exceed certain legal limits, you must first obtain a license. If you are discovered transporting big loads without a permit, you may face steep fines and other consequences.
Before you go on your trip, make sure to check the following.
Restrictions and constraints at every level: Federal, State, and Local
Permits are required at all levels of government: Federal, state, and Local.
6. Do ensure that you hire a professional:
It’s wise to leave hauling hefty loads to the specialists. Choose a shipper who has the skills and know-how to convey your goods safely. Wherever you need oversized things, they’ll be delivered.
7. Do make sure you conduct a proper check, before transporting an oversize load, it is critical to conduct a functional check.
Listed below are some of the critical things to pay attention to:
Examine the brakes.
Tire pressure should be checked.
The next step is to double-check that the trailer’s speed rating is compatible with your truck’s normal driving speed.
8. Do make sure you put the cushion, braces, and stopper in certain places to guide and prevent the loads from falling or moving and to prevent accidents during transportation, this will ensure the goods arrive at their destination safely and securely.
9. Do make sure that when moving a large item you follow all safety guidelines.
To avoid any potential hazards that may arise while transporting any cargo of such a vast scale, it is critical to ensure that all safety laws are followed.
10. Do make sure you preserve a safe gap between you and the vehicles in front and behind you.
Driving at night, in mountainous places, on curvy roads, and on secondary/poorly maintained roads necessitates ensuring that you have enough room to make rapid stops without colliding with another vehicle.
1. Don’t use rope, instead utilize tie-downs, cargo nets, chains, and other load-constricting measures instead of strips or rope. Before going back on the road after a halt, double-check everything.
2. Don’t overburden the trailer; instead, select the appropriate trailer size for your oversize cargo. Do you require a drop deck or a standard flatbed? Choosing a trailer is one of the most important considerations in oversize and over-dimension load transportation. If you’re not sure which axle arrangement or trailer to use, see a professional.
3. Don’t put incorrect or misleading cargo information on the label. Give accurate information about the goods.
4. Don’t move an oversize without first ensuring that the weather is suitable for transporting such heavy items; shippers should always check the weather forecast to avoid any problems that may arise as a result of inclement weather.
5. Don’t take routes you are not familiar with:
When hauling oversized loads, make careful to adhere to the routes you’ve used before.
Check ahead of time to discover if the route you wish to take can support enormous cargoes or if such loads are permitted.
Know your routes well enough to know which streets and highways to avoid because of low bridges and/or dangling wires.
A pilot car may be required to accompany your truck on some routes. To guarantee that you have a pilot car available in certain places, you’ll need to plan.
6. Don’t go too fast: keep an eye on your speed and drive conservatively. It’s easy to lose track of how fast you’re going while driving for long periods on a straight stretch of highway. Remember to check the speedometer every 10 minutes while transporting an oversized cargo on interstates.
7. Do not waste time making decisions: There is always the possibility of unanticipated obstacles in freight shipping, and this is especially true for large haul shipping, given how complicated it can be even with the most meticulous preparation and timetable. And you must act swiftly when problems develop.
That is why it is critical to plan for the unexpected and be ready to decide on your next course of action when it occurs.
8. Do not use equipment with a lower capacity when loading. Using the Correct Equipment is the best way to avoid an accident.
The loading dock is the scene of 25% of all workplace accidents. Around 600 near-misses occur for every accident that occurs. Before you leave, make sure your oversized loads are secure and equally distributed throughout the trailer. A big transporter vehicle that is evenly loaded is less likely to tip and easier to steer.
9. Do not move oversize loads without specific markings and signs:
The Correct Special Markings Should Be Recognized and Used
Other road users are put at risk by oversized loads. When moving heavy loads, therefore, it is important to ensure your drivers follow precise operating protocols. Drivers should also bring specific markings with them and utilize them to inform and signal other drivers to continue with caution. Each state has its own set of requirements for which unique markers are required.
Common Special Markings
The unique markers are used in most states. Here are a few examples of heavy load markings:
I. During daytime travels, use 12 or 18-inch square orange or bright red warning flags.
ii. A large banner with a bright reflecting background bold enough to be seen by other motorists.
iii. For transporting at night, use red lights.
iv. There should be optional flashing amber lights on top of the cab while hauling at night.
10. Do not ship an overweight cargo without proper insurance: Oversize loads are expensive, therefore make sure your item is properly insured before loading it into the trailer.
In-house shipment insurance is available from most carriers.
There’s no denying that oversized delivery is difficult. And the best way to reduce stress and save time and money is to educate yourself, plan ahead of time, take the required precautions, and enlist the support of professionals.